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María Abascal

María Abascal is from June 2010 Chief Economist for Regulation and Public Policy in BBVA Research.  She has over 10 year experience in dealing with economic, financial and regulatory issues both in the private and the public sector.

 

In 2005 she became civil servant by joining the body Técnicos Comerciales y Economistas del Estado, a very senior group of Economists of the State. In 2009 she was appointed Deputy Director for Strategic and Financial Analysis in the Directorate General of the Treasury and Financial Policy, attached to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Finance, she exercised its responsibilities until June 2010. Between 2006 and 2009 she occupied different positions within the Spanish Treasury. She has been Senior Advisor for the Chief Executive Officer of the Spanish Institute for Foreign Trade (ICEX ) between 2005 and 2006.

 

BA in Economics from the Complutense University of Madrid (1997 and 2000). She has been professor in the Masters in Financial Markets at Icade during 207 and 2008.

 

Since 2013, she belongs to the faculty teaching in the IEB Executive Masters in Management of Financial Entities. She is author of many economic articles in specialized journals.


Latest Publications

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Quo Vadis, Europe?

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The main sources of uncertainty that have hung over Europe in recent times, such as Brexit or the wave of populism and anti-European parties, are starting to disappear, or at least have moderated. Moreover, the economic outlook has improved and we are seeing an acceleration of the economy.

Geographies:Europe

Available in Spanish, English

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The US reviews its banking regulation

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Trump’s arrival has meant a change of tone in the discourse around financial regulation. The severe restrictions imposed by Obama on the banking sector in response to the profound international financial crisis are now a thing of the past.

Geographies:USA

Available in Spanish, English

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Brexit storm clouds

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Following the triggering of Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon in March, the United Kingdom's exit process has formally begun. However, there is still significant uncertainty. It is not clear, for example, whether or not the UK can reach a new trade agreement in the coming years, or if there will be a period of transition.

Available in Spanish, English

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The first Trump era G20

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The G20 meeting which was held in Baden-Baden (Germany) on 17 and 18 March was not attended in person by Trump, although his influence was very present. Certain traditional G20 messages have executed an about-turn which reflects the new US position.

Geographies:Global

Available in Spanish, English

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Shadow banking: time to step out into the light

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The avalanche of banking regulation has had as a side effect an increase in the growth of shadow banking. This business has been favoured by laxer regulation and supervision. In fact there is no uniform international supervision or regulation, nor is there a transparent and exhaustive macroprudential framework.

Geographies:Global

Available in Spanish, English

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White Paper on the future of Europe

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The European Commission presented its White Paper on the future of Europe. It draws five different scenarios: business as usual, retreat to a pure single market, a variable geometry union, a more efficient union, and a deeper union. The paper clarifies the debate, draws clear pathways to choose, and introduces the debate on what exactly the EU27 should or should not do.

Available in English

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Europe: TLAC implementation and MREL review

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The European Commission has published its long awaited legislative proposal to amend both the prudential and the resolution frameworks in Europe. Regarding the latter, the proposal seeks to introduce TLAC for EU G-SIIs and amend MREL for other financial institutions.

Available in English

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Pepito Grillo and the banks

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Including ethics in banking actions and behaviour is a challenge for the banks but it is also an excellent opportunity for a sector that has experienced a steep downslide in its reputation during this crisis.

Available in Spanish

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The European Council: Brexit, refugees and beyond

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The European Council that took place on February 18-19 dealt with two important issues which could shape the evolution of the EU in 2016 and much beyond: the refugee crisis and the agreement between the UK and the EU to be offered at the Brexit referendum.

Available in Spanish, English

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Sovereign debt: a risk-free asset?

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Several voices have been raised recently in favour of eliminating the zero weighting of sovereign debt in banks' capital consumption, with the principal argument being that this treatment generates sovereign risk contagion to banking risk, and is a cause of the dangerous negative feed-back loop observed in the recent financial crisis.

Available in Spanish

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Is there room for more financial regulation in 2016?

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This year will be characterised by the ongoing implementation of the numerous and exhaustive regulations which have been approved in recent years to make bank balance sheets more resilient to crisis. We review the principal milestones of 2014 and 2015 and ask ourselves what the regulation agenda holds for 2016.

Geographies:Europe

Available in Spanish

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A European Guarantee Fund Deposits

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It has taken another step in the banking union building, claimed the Guarantee Fund of Single Deposits. So far, we only operate two pillars, the Single Supervisory Mechanism and the Single Resolution Mechanism.

Available in Spanish

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Financial Regulation | Proposal for a European Deposit Insurance Scheme

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On 24 November, the European Commission released a legislative proposal outlining the road-map towards common European deposit protection, to be achieved by 2024. The proposal envisages three stages: i) until 2020, a system of reinsurance; ii) progressive mutualisation through a system of co-insurance until 2024, and iii) full mutualisation with a common EDIS by 2024.

Geographies:Europe

Available in English

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G20 Antalya: Just another summit meeting?

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On November 15th and 16th, it was held in Antalya the G20 annual summit meeting, which is the culmination of the work done under the Turkish presidency. However, the terrible tragedy in Paris just hours before burst dramatically on the schedule.

Units:
Geographies:Europe
Topics:Opinion

Available in Spanish

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U.S. TLAC rules are tougher than the final FSB requirements

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On 30 October 2015, the Federal Reserve (Fed) published its proposal on Total Loss Absorbing Capacity (TLAC) requirements for G-SIBs (the most systemically important U.S. bank holding companies (Covered BHCs) and U.S. intermediate holding companies (IHCs) of comparable foreign banks. It will be open for comment until 1 February 2016.

Available in English