Enestor Dos Santos
Enestor Dos Santos is principal economist at BBVA Research.His previous professional and academic experience includes the World Bank, the IADB, the Wharton Business School and the IE Business School.He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania and a master's degree in the same discipline from the Getulio Vargas Foundation in Brazil.
The coronavirus has ravaged both developed and emerging countries, with scant respect for borders. Its impact, however, has been and will continue to be geographically unequal, reflecting the different health and economic measures adopted by various countries.
The expansion of global trade has slowed in recent years, following a long period of exuberance. How will trade flows evolve over the next decade, taking into account recent trends such as the pandemic and climate change, as well as other factors?
International trade will slow down by 2030, due to both traditional factors (technology, economic development, trade policies) and new determinants (COVID-19, sustainability).