Competitiveness latest publications

November 2, 2018

Colombia | A recovery that will depend on productivity

About the recently introduced funding law in Congress, many healthy debates have arisen about the role it could play in the recovery of the economy. The articles have some things that could help, but it is vital to emphasise that the right path to take is to improve productivity beyond the tax issue.

November 21, 2017

Lower US corporate taxes would not reverse Mexico’s competitive advantage in manufacturing

Mexico would continue to be more competitive than the United States in the production of manufactured goods even if the latter were to cut its corporate tax rate from 35% to 20%. The difference in labor costs alone is a sufficient factor for Mexico to remain more competitive than the US

April 5, 2017

Empleo, competitividad, transformación tecnológica y crecimiento

La convergencia de España y la Comunitat Valenciana con las principales economías avanzadas requiere aumentar el empleo y la productividad, y reducir la desigualdad. Un sector productivo dual en el que muchas empresas no son capaces de acumular de capital humano y tecnológico, innovar y competir en mercados internacionales.

March 26, 2015

Competitiveness and the Internationalization of the Spanish economy

One of the main challenges of the Spanish economy is to reduce the unemployment rate without incurring in past imbalances. This requires a wide menu of economic policies to increase extensive and intensive exports margins, promoting firm growth. We review these challenges in terms of competitiveness and the internationaliza…

October 21, 2014

Tell me who you export to and what you make, and I'll tell you how competitive you are

More on the loss of competitiveness in the Brazilian economy

March 31, 2014

Competitiveness in the Latin American manufacturing sector: trends and determinants

This study concludes that competitiveness in the manufacturing sectors of most countries in Latam went down from 2007 to 2012, after relatively favourable progress in the period 2002-2007

March 19, 2014

Chile: Competitiveness of manufacturing exports

In general terms, for the last five years the Chilean industry has strayed from the upward path of competitiveness gains that it had been treading since 2002. This decline has resulted mainly from the appreciation of the Chilean peso – in an environment of multilateral dollar depreciation – and rising labour and energy cost…

March 13, 2014

Competitividad del sector manufacturero en América Latina: tendencias y determinantes

Este estudio concluye que la competitividad del sector manufacturero en la mayoría de los países de la región ha disminuido a partir de 2007 hasta el 2012