greenhouse gases

greenhouse gases latest publications

March 22, 2021

Global | Output-side GHG Emission Intensity: A consistent international indicator

This Working Paper presents the Output-side greenhouse gas Emission Intensity indicator (OEI), the first consistent and internationally-comparable country-indicator of the GHG emission intensity from a production-perspective; that is, territorial GHG emitted per unit of goods and services produced in a given year.

March 22, 2021

Global | Commodities supercycle and sustainability

One of the strongest price rallies in history for various commodities (e.g. oil, copper, steel) is consolidating in 2021. The speed of the upside movement could make you think that we are at the start of a new commodities supercycle. If we are, it would be quite different from the previous ones.

January 22, 2021

Global | Beyond GDP: welfare and social and environmental sustainability

Although GDP per capita is a good aggregate indicator of market activities (with some limitations due to digital disruption), a broader range of indicators than those traditionally used, such as GDP, is required to measure welfare and the progress of societies.

November 3, 2020

Europe | Biodiversity is priceless

The European Union's work for climate resilience continues with the recent progress toward the European Climate Law and the definition of the biodiversity strategy for the next decade.

October 19, 2020

Spain | A plan for the climate

The Spanish government's Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan aims to transform the Spanish economy by taking advantage of Next Generation EU grants and its Recovery and Resilience Facility, valued at about EUR 140 billion — just over half of which will be allocated through grants and the remainder via loans.

October 16, 2020

Global | Economy, environmental sustainability and energy transition

The transition to a greenhouse-gas-neutral economy is a necessity because of the physical risks involved in maintaining current policies, a challenge because of the rapid and substantial reduction needed, and also an opportunity to achieve long-term sustainable development.

August 26, 2019

United States: Policy and Climate Change

The United States is one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, making its involvement in the fight against climate a matter of critical importance.