indicators latest publications

April 29, 2019

Pension system in Spain: proposal of three indicators

BBVA Research proposes the creation of 3 monthly updatable indicators that help to understand the evolution of the Spanish pension system and the problems that arise. The first indicator deals with "financial sustainability (ISF)." The second indicator is "benefit rate," while the third indicator measures the public's senti…

August 25, 2018

Colombia | Pathways to a less unequal Colombia

The improvements in Colombian social indicators over the past 20 years are indisputable. In these years we have seen a very significant reduction in poverty, an increase in the consolidated middle class and the vulnerable middle class, as well as an increase in labour formalisation and a decrease in inequality.