Climate Change United Nations issues a fresh set of climate warnings: the commitments made under the Paris Agreement are not enough to decarbonize the economy. Simply warning about the risks is not enough.
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Spanish exports increased by 12.9% from 4Q19 to 1Q23. By comparison, GDP would have barely returned to its pre-pandemic level during that period, while private consumption and investment were 4.8% and 3.7% below 4Q19 levels.
The main component of domestic demand, private consumption, shows declines that are more consistent with a historical contraction of activity than with the expansion we are experiencing.
Over the last two years we have witnessed numerous changes to the pension system in Spain, making it more generous, but less self-sufficient, with a larger structural deficit, no adjustment for increased life expectancy and greater dependence o…
This Working Paper offers rigorous statistical evidence on the influence of the reduction in mobility, derived from the COVID-19 pandemic, on the concentration levels of pollutants that affect air quality in the Metropolitan Area of the Valley …
In 2022, the support measures put in place by the government in a bid to combat rising energy prices are expected to reach 16 billion euros, or around 1.3% of GDP. Despite this, the imbalance in the public accounts is following a similar path to its trend in 2019, when it ended the year at 3% of GDP.