An important part of the "incomes pact" was completed several days ago with the fifth Agreement for Employment and Collective Bargaining. Although it consolidates the loss of workers' purchasing power, it ensures that labor costs will not put additional pressure on inflation, which should help maintain employment.
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Increases in the national minimum wage (SMI) are excellent news in economies in which productivity is growing and employment rates are high. However, there needs to be an awareness of the costs and benefits of the measure, which regrettably are still not being evaluated with the necessary detail and rigor.
As with any fever, inflation in 2022 was only the symptom of serious ailments. So why was the action of the European Central Bank (ECB), which raised rates from 0 to 2.5%, so important?
A monetary policy that carries the reference interest rate to an excessively restrictive terrain in a context where long-term inflation expectations remain well anchored can have counterproductive effects.
Twenty-five years after the 1994 crisis, the minimum wage will finally regain its real level and even exceed it.