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The first quarter has seen much more doubt surrounding the economy in Europe than America. The latest wave of the pandemic is severely impacting the largest countries in the area. The situation will improve though, with the acceleration of vaccination drives and the knock-on effect of increased growth in the United States.

The European authorities have approved the Regulation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility, the main instrument of the European Recovery Fund that will channel EUR 672.5 billion through grants and loans. This is an unprecedented response and a unique opportunity that Spain must seize.

Since March there have been large movements in the financial markets, and this is no less the case for the foreign exchange market and, in particular, for the euro. It has appreciated 6% versus the dollar since January, and was up 11% from the …

The European Union has resumed one of its most ambitious projects: the Capital Markets Union. The European Commission's first action plan was announced five years ago (2015), but no real progress in the integration of the European markets has b…

The response to the crisis has been overwhelming, and spending will increase to around 50% of GDP. Spain needs to establish a culture that demands greater accountability on how budgetary resources, and resources from the European recovery fund,…

We knew that things in Europe might not be easy after the summer given the risk of a second wave of the pandemic. But the new outbreaks—which everyone knew were coming—may have arrived earlier than expected.

The spread of COVID-19 has had an unprecedented impact on the Spanish economy on various fronts. The lockdown that began in March did not last 15 days as initially thought, but ultimately went on for over 90 days.

Public expenditure in Spain could grow between 10 and 11 percentage points (pp) of GDP in 2020, surpassing 52% of GDP, according to BBVA Research forecasts. This increase is justified by the atypical situation that the Spanish economy is experi…

On July 21, the Council of the European Union adopted the Next Generation EU (NGEU) Recovery Plan, worth EUR 750 billion, for the coming years. It is equivalent to 5.4% of the EU's GDP, and almost EUR 1700 per capita.

The European Union has reached a deal on its recovery fund, Next Generation (NGEU), that will play a significant role in the future of European economies. Difficult negotiations have shown that divisions remain but the outcome has been very pos…

A recent European Commission report highlights the relevance of research and innovation policies are playing to lead two of the largest challenges that we are embarking upon globally: (social, environmental and economic) sustainability and digitization.

Three months after approving a Pandemic Emergency Purchase Program (PEPP) for an initial EUR 750 billion in response to the COVID-19 crisis, at its most recent meeting, the European Central Bank (ECB) agreed to expand the program by a further EUR 600 billion.