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Welfare state

Welfare state latest publications

June 1, 2021

Spain | Increased productivity for greater social progress

The per capita income and welfare gaps between Spain and the most advanced European economies—20 percentage points on average in the last four decades—can be explained by Spain's underuse and misuse of human capital, the greatest source of wealth for any country.

May 25, 2021

Spain | A long-term social welfare strategy

The Spain 2050 strategy establishes a broad and useful set of objectives on which social consensus and state pacts can be built, as well as measures to achieve them.

March 23, 2021

Spain | The complementary pension systems need a boost

The pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension system is one of the pillars of the welfare state. In order to keep people's income in retirement at similar levels to when they were working, advanced societies have developed complementary pension systems, but these are not particularly widespread in Spain.

July 22, 2020

Spain | Hopes for better and more inclusive growth in Spain and in Andalusia

Confinement measures and temporary restrictions on activity due to COVID-19 have sent Andalusia and Spain into a deep recession. Not only will the recovery require new public support measures, it will require commitment to reforms to increase their impact. The vulnerabilities of the Spanish economy must be addressed.

February 27, 2020

Employment and Equity in the Age of Digital Disruption

Is society destined for mass technological unemployment as a result of robotization and artificial intelligence? Will inequality grow as a result of new technologies? Are universal basic income and robot tax the new frontier of welfare?

December 21, 2018

The Long-Term Challenges of the Spanish Economy in the Digital Revolution

In addition to facing global challenges, the Spanish economy must face a broad set of reforms and policies to successfully overcome its challenges in the long term, make the most of the opportunities opened up by the digital revolution, increase productivity and employment rates, and resume the path toward convergence with …

January 15, 2018

Continuing to improve the public pension system

The public pension system is a fundamental pillar of the welfare state. And for it to continue being so, it is necessary to modernise it and adapt it to the changes being undergone by Spanish society. Fortunately more and more people are reaching retirement age and are doing so with a longer life expectancy.

October 19, 2017

El sistema público de pensiones en España: reformas recientes y propuestas de mejora

El sistema público de pensiones es un pilar básico del Estado de bienestar. El sistema de pensiones en España es perfectamente viable y sostenible, siempre que se adapte a los continuos cambios económicos, sociales y demográficos que experimenta la sociedad española. El reto es encontrar un doble equilibrio ante cambios con…