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The public pension system is a basic pillar of the welfare state in Europe. They are viable and sustainable as long as they adapt to the continuous economic, social, and demographic changes that societies experience. The challenge is to find the appropriate balance in the face of continuous changes in the system.

The per capita income and welfare gaps between Spain and the most advanced European economies—20 percentage points on average in the last four decades—can be explained by Spain's underuse and misuse of human capital, the greatest source of wealth for any country.

The Spain 2050 strategy establishes a broad and useful set of objectives on which social consensus and state pacts can be built, as well as measures to achieve them.

The pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension system is one of the pillars of the welfare state. In order to keep people's income in retirement at similar levels to when they were working, advanced societies have developed complementary pension systems, but…

Confinement measures and temporary restrictions on activity due to COVID-19 have sent Andalusia and Spain into a deep recession. Not only will the recovery require new public support measures, it will require commitment to reforms to increase t…

Is society destined for mass technological unemployment as a result of robotization and artificial intelligence? Will inequality grow as a result of new technologies? Are universal basic income and robot tax the new frontier of welfare?

In addition to facing global challenges, the Spanish economy must face a broad set of reforms and policies to successfully overcome its challenges in the long term, make the most of the opportunities opened up by the digital revolution, increase productivity and employment rates, and resume the path toward convergence with …

The public pension system is a fundamental pillar of the welfare state. And for it to continue being so, it is necessary to modernise it and adapt it to the changes being undergone by Spanish society. Fortunately more and more people are reachi…

El sistema público de pensiones es un pilar básico del Estado de bienestar. El sistema de pensiones en España es perfectamente viable y sostenible, siempre que se adapte a los continuos cambios económicos, sociales y demográficos que exper…

El agotamiento del Fondo de Reserva de la Seguridad Social, previsiblemente en 2017, ha vuelto a plantear la necesidad de adoptar nuevas medidas para reducir el déficit existente, fortalecer su sostenibilidad y asegurar la suficiencia de las p…