Cristina Varela is the Head Economist of the Financial Scenarios Unit at BBVA Research.Cristina Varela has been working since 1993 in different BBVA areas related to the analysis of economic and financial variables to prepare strategy reports and market indicators and to establish recommendations on financial assets. Before that she worked as an economist in a financial consultancy firm (EUROTANDEM) and on foreign trade (ACE). She has published a number of articles in newspapers and economic journals.Cristina Varela holds a degree in Economy from the Complutense University of Madrid and completed her postgraduate training for a Master’s Degree in Financial Markets at San Pablo C.E.U. Madrid University. She is also holds a doctorate in international economy from the Complutense University of Madrid. She is a recurring attendee of courses and seminars in international and Spanish universities.
The financial markets are closing the highly unique year of 2020 having gone through various phases during it, moving at the pace set by the global pandemic. How have they evolved and what can we expect for 2021?
The ECB action was broadly in line with what we were expecting (somewhat to the lower bound) announcing a package of further accommodative measures. Moreover, the central bank reaffirmed its readiness to adjust its instruments further if needed (as risks remain tilted to the downside).
Over the summer, the optimism in the financial markets held firm. This was despite the confirmation of the unprecedented collapse of economic activity in the second quarter of 2020 — the result of the drastic measures taken on a global scale to contain the spread of COVID-19.