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Miguel Jiménez

Miguel Jiménez joined in 2007 BBVA Research, where he is chief economist for Europe. Previously he worked as an economist at the OECD Economics Department, where he contributed to reports on the Spanish, Swiss and Greek economies and on issues related to labour markets, immigration, pensions, competition policy and sustainable development.

 

He has been lecturer of Macroeconomics and Growth Theory at the European University of Madrid and has published his research on academic journals such as the European Journal of Political Economy and Applied Economics.

 
He is a member and has been chaiman of the Council of European Economists of the Conference Board, and takes part on other discussion forums such as the chief economists group of the European Banking Federation, Real Instituto Elcano, Bruegel and the CEOE Economics Council.

 

He holds a PhD in Economics from the European University Institute in Florence, a Masters Degree in Public Economics from the Institute of Fiscal Studies in Madrid and a BA in Economics from the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid.


Latest Publications

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Eurozone | The outlook remains positive as political risks ease

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GDP grew 0.5% QoQ in 1Q while soft data suggests higher momentum in 2Q (BBVAe: 0.6% QoQ) and foreign trade is strong. But industrial output and retail sales decelerated in 1Q. Inflation pressures are still distant as wages growth remains subdued. Despite the more upbeat outlook and the ease of political uncertainty, risks to short-term growth remain tilted to the downside.

Available in English

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Global growth is still gaining momentum in 2Q17, but there are some signs of stabilisation

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Global growth accelerated in 1Q to 0.9% QoQ and 2Q data so far suggest further global momentum (1% QoQ). Confidence data remain very positive, especially for developed economies, while hard data point to higher investment. Moreover, the exports recovery remains on track, partly explained by upward trend in investment in recent quarters.

Available in Spanish, English

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Macron: now comes the hard part

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With the French presidential elections over, at least one component of the uncertainty facing Europe has been eliminated, given the pronounced anti-EU bias of some of the candidates in contention. Many other unknowns are popping up - enough to make us think that for president Emmanuel Macron getting to where he is was the easiest part and that the real challenges lie ahead

Available in Spanish, English

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Global | Positive dynamics lead to an upward revision in projections

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Global GDP growth maintains its positive trend in 1H17 as our BBVA-GAIN indicator suggests (close to 1% QoQ). Confidence and global trade continue to point a further expansion, but signals given by hard data are not yet clear. New projections for 2017-18 are revised upwards in China, more moderately in EZ, with no changes in the US.

Available in Spanish, English

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Eurozone | A more upbeat outlook, but still surrounded by (mostly political) risks

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Our MICA-BBVA model estimates growth at 0.5% QoQ in 1Q as improving confidence continued at earlier 2017. Hard data begin to moderate, though foreign trade clearly recovers. Growth forecasts for 2017-18 are revised slightly upwards to 1.7% (+0.1pp) in both years, fostered by higher growth in global demand although risks, mostly political, remain tilted to the downside.

Available in Spanish, English

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Eurozone | Robust growth in early 2017 and still low core inflation

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After growing at 0.4% in 4Q16, our MICA-BBVA model continues to estimate a quarterly GDP growth in the eurozone of 0.5% QoQ in 1Q17 and puts a slight upward bias to our projection of 1.6% for this year. Confidence indicators reflect this mood better than activity data. Finally, despite the 2.0% YoY headline inflation in February, core measures remain subdued at 0.9% YoY.

Available in Spanish, English

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Global | Global growth points to 0.9%-1% in early 2017

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Global GDP growth continues accelerating in Q1, though our BBVA-GAIN indicator of global growth is slightly lower than a month ago (Q4: 0.85%; Q1: 0.93%). Confidence indicators continue to be very strong and global trade gives signals of further expansion, but industrial production and especially retail sales are more moderate in early year.

Available in Spanish, English

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White Paper on the future of Europe

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The European Commission presented its White Paper on the future of Europe. It draws five different scenarios: business as usual, retreat to a pure single market, a variable geometry union, a more efficient union, and a deeper union. The paper clarifies the debate, draws clear pathways to choose, and introduces the debate on what exactly the EU27 should or should not do.

Available in English

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The Greek epic

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We all know that tragedies are Greek, sagas Scandinavian and comic operas originally Italian, and that we use these expressions to describe political or economic reality when it overtakes us, but in the case of Greece we may have to use another word of Greek origin. The twists and turns of its debt crisis are reminiscent of those of a Homeric epic.

Geographies:Europe
Topics:Opinion

Available in Spanish, English

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Eurozone | A slight upward revision to our GDP growth projections

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Our MICA-BBVA model estimates growth to reach 0.5% QoQ in 1Q (2H16: 0.4%) as improving confidence at the start of 2017 suggest that the recovery could be gaining momentum in 1Q17. We have revised slightly upward our growth projections to 1.6% this year and next, though political risks persist.

Available in Spanish, English

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Global | More growth, but with old and new risks across regions

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Global growth strengthened in 2H16 (+0.9% QoQ) and it could be gathering pace in 1Q17 (+1.0% QoQ), as our GAIN-model suggests, driven mostly by industrial activity and improving global trade. New quarterly projections remain broadly unchanged, with differences across regions, while risks are tilted to the downside and are mostly of a political nature.

Available in Spanish, English

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Sclerotic no more

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Annualised growth of 2% last quarter, levels of confidence close to all-time highs, industrial production and exports on the rise, consumer indicators strong, unemployment rate falling for more than three years…

Available in Spanish, English

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Global Watch | Improving activity, but higher uncertainty

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Global growth has stepped up further in 4Q16 (+0.9% QoQ), as our GAIN-model suggests, driven mostly by industrial activity and stronger confidence along with improving global trade and higher new orders. Nonetheless, risks are tilted to the downside and are linked to politics and protectionism, but also derive from China’s imbalances.

Available in Spanish, English

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Eurozone | Some changes for the better

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We continue to see resilience to the various potentially disturbing political events in 2H16. So far, confidence data allow us to be slightly more optimistic. Still more, the recovery of exports and the strength of consumption at the end of 2016 show that positive underlying signs are taking root. Our model suggests GDP to have gained momentum to 0.5%/0.6% QoQ in 4Q16.

Available in Spanish, English

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Forecasts in the post-truth era

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The economic confidence indicators have clearly improved in the major regions in the last quarter of 2016, especially in the manufacturing sector, world trade seems to be recovering after its lacklustre start to the year, and consumption continues to be relatively strong.

Available in Spanish, English

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Eurozone | Soft data point at growth acceleration in Q4, though downward risks prevail

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Our MICA-BBVA model estimates growth to increase to 0.4/0.5% QoQ in 4Q (3Q: 0.3%). Improving confidence proved the EZ resilience after political events since the summer, while data so far suggest a slightly more optimistic outlook for coming months supported by export orders and the depreciation of the euro. However, risks (mostly political) remain tilted to the downside.

Available in Spanish, English

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Global | Broadly unchanged global outlook after Trump´s victory, with uncertainty

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Global growth is expected to gain further momentum in 4Q16 (+0.9% QoQ), as our GAIN-BBVA model suggests, in a context of a better performance of developed countries than emerging economies. Nonetheless, short-term risks continued to be tilted to the downside and mostly political, but also derived from China’s imbalances.

Available in English

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European Urbanization Trends

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The urbanization process in Europe took place rapidly since 1950, but in the 90s it moderated its pace and it will likely be slower during the next ten years. European cities have become in important hubs for education, innovation and knowledge-based economies. Digitalization has been fundamental to increase competitiveness.

Available in English

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ECB Watch: QE extension but unexpectedly at a lower pace

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The ECB extended the asset purchase programme until December 2017, but from April monthly purchases will be cut to EUR 60 bn. Such decision combined with the announced technical changes adds upward pressure on bond yields and leads to steeper curves. The ECB remains in a middle ground between hints of tapering and wording that tries to avoid that impression.

Available in English

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Global | Slight improvement amid high uncertainty

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Global growth accelerated to 0.8% QoQ in 3Q driven by the rebound in the US and the resilience in both EZ and Asia, while the recession in Latam eased. Incoming data points to a strengthening recovery in emerging Asia, mainly supported by domestic demand but also by improving trade while the industrial recovery in developed markets gathers momentum.

Available in English