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July 18, 2019

Regional economic and demographic aggregates: RegData updated up to 2018

This note briefly describes the latest update of RegData, a database that collects the main economic and demographic aggregates of the Spanish regions over the last six decades. For the most part, the series begin in 1950 or 1955 and run until 2018.

May 23, 2019

The territorial dynamics of income in Spain 1955–2016: an initial approximation

This work marks the start of a series of projects that will analyse the evolution of GDP per capital in Spain's autonomous communities and its determining factors, using the related series of regional income and employment found in the RegData database described by De la Fuente (2017).

April 24, 2019

Autonomous community finances in 2018 and between 2003 and 2018

The analysis starts from the 2003 financial year because this is the first year in which all autonomous communities were responsible for managing healthcare for the full financial year.

March 15, 2019

Macroeconomic Effects of Taxes on Banking

This paper evaluates the macroeconomic effects of taxes on banking in a small open economy in a currency union for three tax alternatives: an additional tax on profits, on deposits, and on loans. We propose a DSGE model with a rich detail of taxes and a banking sector and show that these three taxes are equivalent in their …

March 7, 2019

Central Bank digital currencies: features, options, pros and cons

The emergence of cryptocurrencies is opening the way to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs). This paper highlights the pros and cons of issuing CBDCs under four different variants: from the more modest proposals to the most ambitious ones where there could be a serious disruption in financial intermediation.

January 3, 2019

Digital transformation and competition in the financial sector

Digital transformation has opened the financial services market to new kinds of providers with great disruptive potential, including big technology companies. This article explores how the scope of that integration is conditioned by regulation, data access rules and competition policy.

December 27, 2018

Patterns of domestic and cross-border e-commerce in Spain: A gravitational model approach

This paper presents econometric evidence on the determinants of domestic and cross-border e-commerce in Spain based on BBVA anonymised data. The paper applies the gravity model of trade to explain online credit card payment flows, using all private customer transactions of BBVA for Spain.

December 19, 2018

Sovereign risk in the euro zone and its treatment in banking regulation

The crisis has brought with it a notable increase in public debt in the countries affected, especially intense in the peripheral countries of the euro zone. The Greek crisis has fuelled a debate on the treatment of debt holdings in banking regulation and its consideration as a risk-free asset.