Working Papers

Working Papers latest publications

May 31, 2021

Mexico | Cash vs. Card Consumption Patterns: A Machine Learning Approach

We offer a novel methodology combining high frequency card transaction data from BBVA and point-of-sale data from cash operations registered at convenience stores from Frogtek by Clarity AI to study changes in consumption patterns relative to variations in income, including changes in items consumed and payment channel.

May 27, 2021

Spain | Regional financing in 2020: first approach and proposal for 2021

This Working Paper establishes some preliminary estimates of the funding received by the autonomous communities under the common system during the 2020 financial year, highlighting the differences in the evolution of autonomous financing during the previous crisis.

April 13, 2021

Spain | Autonomous community finances in 2020 and between 2003 and 2020

This Working Paper analyzes the evolution of the country's regional finances from 2003 to the present day, with a particular focus on 2020, for which the preliminary data has just been published.

March 22, 2021

Global | Output-side GHG Emission Intensity: A consistent international indicator

This Working Paper presents the Output-side greenhouse gas Emission Intensity indicator (OEI), the first consistent and internationally-comparable country-indicator of the GHG emission intensity from a production-perspective; that is, territorial GHG emitted per unit of goods and services produced in a given year.

January 11, 2021

Spain | Long series of GVA and regional employment by sector, 1955-2019

This Working Paper describes the latest update of the sectoral module of the RegData FEDEA-BBVA database, in which the regional series of employment (employed and salaried), Gross Value Added (GVA) at current and constant prices and employee compensation in the main RegData module are disaggregated by sector.

December 17, 2020

Global | Human capital and income inequality revisited

This paper explores the relationship between human capital inequality and income inequality, using an updated data set on human capital inequality for 146 countries from 1950 to 2010 and a novel database on earnings inequality.

December 4, 2020

Spain | The Stabilizing Effects of Economic Policies in Times of COVID-19

In this Working Paper we analyze the stabilizing role that economic policies have played during the current COVID-19 crisis in Spain.

November 30, 2020

Spain | Evolution of autonomous community financing under the common system, 2002-2018

This Working Paper establishes homogenized series of regional financing, based on homogeneous competencies and fiscal effort, between 2002 and 2018.