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In the urgency of transforming the world into a more sustainable place, the process of digitalization of the economy must be established in a sound and homogeneous way. BBVA Research's DiGiX index depicts the digital frontiers defined by the digitization levels of 99 countries.
In the current global socio-economic context, and especially after the COVID-19 crisis, digitization and sustainability have become key elements of economic and social transformation, being particularly relevant to understand and analyze how bo…
This presentation describes the state of the global decarbonization process, summarizes the impact of GHG emission reduction policies and focuses on Europe and the effect of the complex geopolitical scenario.
The actual socioeconomic context has reinforced and accelerated a number of global trends, in particular sustainability and digitalization, two of the most disruptive. The empirical study conducted by BBVA Research suggests that an inverted U-s…
NFTs, ETFs, AI, VR, Web3, CBDCs, BEPS, NGEU... 2022 brings an alphabet soup for a slew of digital aims and strategies that come full of promise. Whether they take off or not will depend on moving forward steadily, with a focus on asking the right questions at each step.
In 2015, 54% of the population had basic or advanced digital skills in Spain, compared to 57% in the EMU. Four years later, the figure reached 57%, one percentage point less than in the wider EMU. From 2019 to 2020, the figure in Spain rose to 60%—still far behind the 80% target set by the 2025 Digital Agenda.
Spain is among the eurozone countries with the lowest productivity and least investment in intangibles. In the future, it must make use of digitization and NGEU funds to increase intangible assets, particularly R&D and training of human capital…
Digitization has boosted productivity but the impact has been heterogeneous by country. Those with more intangible assets exhibit more sustainable growth. Spain should take advantage of the digital impulse and the NGEU funds to increase the cap…
We analyze the motivations of the PBoC to promote CBDC, how we define it and how it is going to operate. We also discuss some special characteristics of e-CNY and its potential risks on financial stability etc.
One of the digital objectives of the Recovery,Transformation and Resilience Plan funds is to achieve, by 2025, that 80% of the Spanish adult population has basic digital skills. Although a majority of people in our country have Internet access, the opportunities they can actually benefit from depend on their digital skills.
COVID-19 dealt a heavy blow that moved us firmly into the digital age. Thus, in 2021 it will be crucial to shape and strengthen the agreements and institutions to thrive in such a landscape. And there are various obstacles to overcome in that regard.