labour economics latest publications
Enrollment grew by 29.300 and registered unemployment by 17.700. Seasonally adjusted, employment returned to positive figures (22.000), but unemployment continued to rise (14.000). In 3Q22, employment barely increased (0,1% q/q q/q SCQ), unemployment rebounded (1,9% q/q SCQ) and temporality fell (to 57,7%).
September 23, 2022
Spain |The labour market reform changes the sectoral distribution of contracts by duration
The labour market reform changes the sectoral distribution of contracts by duration: those sectors with a greater weight in shorter duration contracts, such as Accommodation and food service activities and Agriculture, forestry and fishing, lose importance and the rest of the activities gain it.
Enrollment fell for the first time in the month of July (-7.400 people) and unemployment rose unexpectedly (3.200). Seasonally adjusted, the estimated decline in enrolment is 25.000, unheard of since 2020, and unemployment increased by 50.000. The positive note was the growth in indefinite-term employment.
Seasonality boosted employment (383,300) and the unemployment rate fell (12,5%). Seasonally adjusted figures show that job creation was modest (0,6% quarter-on-quarter), but hours worked increased (1,1%) and unemployment and temporary rates fell (12,4% and 22,5%, respectively).
The behavior of labor poverty of the Mexican population is presented for the first quarter of 2022. The decrease in labor poverty is mainly due to two factors: the increase in real labor income per capita of 6.7% and the increase of 3.1 million in the working population.
In 9 out of 10 households, there was a fall in labor income. The lag in the labor market's recovery prevails, with high levels of unemployment, underemployment and informality, and a slow creation of formal employment.
In January, mobility restrictions temporarily interrupted the employment recovery. As of January, 73% of the jobs lost at the time of the worst deterioration of the labor market had been recovered. Given the easing of restrictive mobility measures, the labor market is expected to return to dynamism from February of 2021.
March 4, 2021
Mexico | There are 51 million Mexicans with an income below the value of the food basket
Coneval estimates that there are more than 51 million Mexicans living in working poverty in the 4Q20, 40.7% of the total population. Due to the pandemic, there was a contraction of 10.3 million jobs during the 2Q20, which is equivalent to almost 19% of total jobs nationally: 6.2 million men and 4.1 million women.