Public debt

Public debt latest publications

August 2, 2022

Mexico | Oil windfall income will not compensate the loss of excise taxes on fuels in 2022

The Ministry of Finance estimates that the loss of revenue collection from excise taxes on fuels will be around MXN 421,600 million (1.5% of GDP) and oil-related income will be MXN 368,710 million (1.3% of GDP) above budget. Consequently, this windfall income will not be enough to compensate the revenue loss of the former.

July 26, 2022

Spain | Fiscal Watch 3Q22

Sound budget execution data introduce positive biases on the deficit forecast in 2022, while the slowdown in activity in 2023 will dampen the cyclical recovery of the government balance. Deficit projections are revised to 5.5% of GDP in 2022 and 5.4% in 2023.

July 11, 2022

Fiscal space in Spain after the pandemic and the new tax rules in Europe

The COVID-induced crisis has left a legacy of more public debt and higher public deficits in Spain. Moreover, the envisaged path of budget balances makes public accounts more exposed to the existing risk scenarios.

May 17, 2022

Europe | Debt and fiscal rules

The high levels of public debt that have been building up since 2020 and the need to lower this burden have prompted a debate on fiscal rules relating to national accounts, aside from the matter of Europe approving common financing instruments to address the big strategic challenges that lie ahead.

May 12, 2022

Mexico | Income tax revenue compensates lower income from excise taxes on fuels

In March 2022 the historic balance of public sector borrowing requirements (HBPSBR) was 46.8% vs. 50.0% of GDP in December 2021. The reduction in such balance was due to the fall of 1.7 and 1.5 percentage points of GDP in the internal and external debt component, respectively.

May 9, 2022

Spain | Recovery without a structural reduction of the public deficit

The forecasts of the Stability Program point to a fairly strong recovery, with GDP growth above potential, but the public accounts suggest a cyclical improvement of the deficit rather than its structural component.

April 25, 2022

Spain | Structural imbalance

The Government's forecasts in the Stability Program should make it clear that economic recovery will not be enough to consistently reduce the public deficit. Everything points to part of the expenditure having taken a structural leap and that the historically high level of tax revenue is only temporary.

April 22, 2022

Spain | Fiscal Watch 2Q22

2021 closed with a deficit of 6.8% of GDP, the same as estimated three months ago. The invasion of Ukraine and measures to mitigate the rise in energy prices slow down the adjustment, and the deficit is expected to fall to 6.0% in 2022. In 2023, the deficit would fall to 4.6% of GDP.