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Technological change

Technological change latest publications

November 12, 2018

Computerisation of sectors and routinisation of occupations in Spain

The technological development of recent decades has gradually reconfigured the labour supply and demand of existing occupations. This process is still in its infancy but allows for the intensive use of digital enhancements that will revolutionise the labour market

June 21, 2018

The use of cash and its determinants

The digital revolution is leading to an increased use of electronic payment instruments; however, cash is still used in 79% of retail payments. This note analyses the factors driving the use of cash for payments across EU countries classified in four categories: access to cash and banking products, degree of digitalisation,…

May 28, 2018

Data Protection: new rights and more responsibilities

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which comes into force today, aims to harmonise and reinforce the legal framework of personal data protection in Europe. It is an update of the previous Directive of 1995, which had become clearly obsolete as a result of the rapid development of the new technologies.

February 27, 2018

The impact of technological change and the future of employment

In this presentation, held at the 4th Tax and Finance Law Meeting at the Tax Studies Institute, an overview and history are given of the effects of technological progress. The effects of Industrial Revolution 4.0 are analysed and public policies are addressed, as well as the management of technological and digital transform…