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… grows by 0.8% MoM in October, slightly below the average since 2010 (0.9% MoM). With the creation of 173 thousand formal jobs, October ranks as the fourth-highest figure since 1998. However, it stands 1.2 percentage points below the average year-on-year growth observed in 2021 and 2022.

The Mexican economy has shown better performance than expected, partly explained by the labor market's strength. According to the National Survey of Household Income and Expenditure (ENIGH), job creation and wage improvements have been more relevant for household income than government transfers.

As we discussed in our latest Quarterly Labour Market Observatory, conducted jointly with Fedea and Sagardoy Abogados, job creation has continued to grow in Spain over the last few months, but is now showing signs of slowing.

In June, formal employment slowdown, reaching one of its lowest levels since 1998. Despite this, in cumulative figures from January to June, it represented a growth of 2.4%, a 0.2pp increase compared to the previous year, indicating strength in…

An important part of the "incomes pact" was completed several days ago with the fifth Agreement for Employment and Collective Bargaining. Although it consolidates the loss of workers' purchasing power, it ensures that labor costs will not put a…

This Observatory evaluates the factors explaining the behavior of the Spanish economy during 2022, and estimates the structural shocks behind the growth of GDP per working-age person (WAP), the GDP deflator and real wages.

In the first quarter of the year, 423K jobs were created, the best result since 1998, representing a growth of 9.8% QoQ. In March, 136K were created, which is equivalent to a monthly growth of 0.6%, higher than that of the last two years for a similar month (0.4% in 2021 and 0.3% in 2022).

Competitiveness improved during the pandemic due to lower margins, and again during the recovery due to lower relative wage growth. In practice, this has meant an implicit ‘income pact.’ In addition to reaching an agreement on how this cost-sha…

Christmas is approaching and, as is customary every year, some of us will be thinking about what resolutions to make for the new financial year. For the second year in a row, we should include something or other to bring down inflation.

The lack of workers who can meet the demand for employment in Spain is one of the issues that seems to have the most sharp edges. In the short term, the consequences of the increase in unfilled vacancies may be significant for wages, inflation …

This Economic Watch evaluates the factors that explain the behavior of the Spanish economy between the third quarter of 2020 and the second quarter of 2022, and estimates the structural shocks behind the growth of GDP per working-age person (WAP), the GDP deflator and real wages.

The national budget includes the planned revaluation of pensions in line with the CPI and the agreed increase in the wages of public sector employees. The implications of these two measures go beyond their impact on public sector expenditure, as they may also affect the income pact.