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Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development latest publications

September 20, 2021

Europe | Sustainable and efficient financing

The European Union has announced that it will issue up to 250 billion euros in green bonds over five years to fund "Next Generation EU" projects with a positive environmental impact.

September 6, 2021

Global | Resilience – far more than a cliché

In Spanish, the term “resilience” only really became popular after the 2008 financial crisis, but today it has taken center stage in all economic policy debate.

August 31, 2021

Mexico | Significant gaps to settle in digital financial inclusion

ICTs have become an important tool for our life. The access and use of ICTs at the national level has made progress. In 2020, 75.5% of the population aged six years and over was a cell phone user, which represented an increase of 4 percentage points compared to users in 2015.

August 20, 2021

China | Understanding the recent hot topics on Chinese economy and financial markets

The report is trying to help to understand the recent important hot topics on Chinese economy and financial markets, including the ongoing regulatory storms, the crucial transformation of China’s industrial policy, the monetary policy independency and the ultimate goal of China’s financial liberalization reform.

August 10, 2021

Mexico | 3.8 million more poor and 2.1 million more in extreme poverty between 2018-2020

Between 2018 and 2020, the population living in poverty increased by 7.3%, from 51.9 to 55.7 million inhabitants, and the population living in extreme poverty grew 24.1%, from 8.7 to 10.8 million. The increase in the population with a lack of access to health services stands out, which went from 16.2% to 28.2%.

August 10, 2021

Asia | Battling against climate change: what role can central banks play?

Asia is at the frontier of battling against climate change while the central banks have already had a series of initiatives to link monetary policy to climate change risks.

August 4, 2021

Mexico | Millennials in the Pandemic: Income and Expenditure Profile

Millennials played a critical role in reopening during the pandemic. 20 million Millennials worked in the second half of 2020, which is almost 1 in 3 active workers. The current income of a Millennial amounted to 7,251 pesos per month, that of Generation X was 12.3% higher (8,141 pesos).

July 27, 2021

Global | How likely are decarbonization targets? A data-driven approach

Based on historical evidence, the Economic Watch assesses the plausibility of meeting Net-zero and NDC emission pathways (with GDP growth conditioned or not to BBVA baseline) and suggests that if unprecedented shocks are not induced (e.g. through carbon price policies), climate targets will not be reached.