Sustainable Development latest publications
Historically, economic crises have had heterogeneous effects, but on this occasion, the consequences have been particularly devastating for women. This is partly explained by structural characteristics and those caused by the pandemic, issues that need to be addressed in order to build a sustainable recovery.
This Working Paper presents the Output-side greenhouse gas Emission Intensity indicator (OEI), the first consistent and internationally-comparable country-indicator of the GHG emission intensity from a production-perspective; that is, territorial GHG emitted per unit of goods and services produced in a given year.
One of the strongest price rallies in history for various commodities (e.g. oil, copper, steel) is consolidating in 2021. The speed of the upside movement could make you think that we are at the start of a new commodities supercycle. If we are, it would be quite different from the previous ones.
We conducted a diagnosis of the Colombian electricity sector, identifying the challenges and opportunities that result, thanks to the country's potential and the international context, to promote an energy transition based on Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources and mitigate some of the sector's risks.
Despite the progress made to close the different gender gaps that exist in the world, there is still evidence of the disadvantages that women face in terms of participation and integration in different fields. Continuing to work towards greater equity adds up to economic benefits, spending capacity and social welfare.
Climate change is an unstoppable wave on the horizon where consumption or investment decisions and public policies are made. Climate change mitigation must be bolstered by measures to adapt to its effects. In so doing, its impacts will be felt in waves rather than a tsunami.
Diversity and representation of all population groups in the economy is a necessary factor in order to achieve a high and sustainable recovery. In this way, the inclusion of women becomes even more important, mainly because of the additional responsibilities and vulnerabilities caused by the pandemic.
The COVID-19 crisis has not only led to a fall in per capita consumption but also to increased inequality and a fall in life expectancy (expected to be temporary). As a result, the loss of social welfare has been greater than the fall in GDP.