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The challenge for commercial banking consists in channeling resources towards “green” activities that promote biodiversity, generate value spillovers in ecological terms, and do not sacrifice long-term efficiency in the productive network.

The environmental, social and economic impact of climate change highlight the growing concern for developing strategies to combat and mitigate its effects. Households approximately emit 20% of CO2 emissions, but their carbon footprint goes beyond that.

Sometimes we are not aware of the importance of the changes we are currently experiencing, either because they are happening too fast or too slow, or because we are just at a tipping point. This is the case with climate change.

This presentation analyzes the evolution of GHG emissions in Spain and its main determinants. The Spanish Regions that contribute the most to national activity do not always generate the most emissions. Sectoral structure and mix and balance of…

This note analyzes the CO2 footprint of households in 10 European economies, adding to direct emissions their indirect ones through input-output analysis and detailing their structure by product. Thus, the analysis makes it possible to describe…

After three consecutive quarters of decline, the percentage of population living in labor poverty increased by 1.8 percentage points (from 38.3% in 2Q 2022 to 40.1% in 3Q 2022), caused by the drop in average labor income and the increase in food-basket prices.

With COP 27 over, the balance of what has been achieved is a bit unsatisfactory: a missed opportunity to make decisive progress on mitigation, adaptation and climate finance, which is not offset by the progress in reparations for climate loss and damage.

Within the framework of the FIFA World Cup in Qatar 2022, it is important to highlight the notable investment in migrant labor made by the Arab country for the construction or remodeling of eight stadiums, along with an infrastructure plan to c…

This Working Paper offers rigorous statistical evidence on the influence of the reduction in mobility, derived from the COVID-19 pandemic, on the concentration levels of pollutants that affect air quality in the Metropolitan Area of the Valley …

European Commission proposals to mitigate the impact of electricity price inflation on households disposable income and business costs must consider how they affect security of supply and decarbonization.

Both the processes of financial inclusion and digitalization have great potential for dissemination in LATAM, both of which are key to promoting well-being and productivity in the region.

On August 29, 2022, the results of the National Survey on Business Financing (ENAFIN) 2021 were presented. This report aims to analyze the progress and challenges regarding the financial inclusion of companies, reviewing issues of financing and digital payment methods.