Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development latest publications

April 9, 2021

Colombia | Women at the center of the recovery

Historically, economic crises have had heterogeneous effects, but on this occasion, the consequences have been particularly devastating for women. This is partly explained by structural characteristics and those caused by the pandemic, issues that need to be addressed in order to build a sustainable recovery.

March 22, 2021

Global | Output-side GHG Emission Intensity: A consistent international indicator

This Working Paper presents the Output-side greenhouse gas Emission Intensity indicator (OEI), the first consistent and internationally-comparable country-indicator of the GHG emission intensity from a production-perspective; that is, territorial GHG emitted per unit of goods and services produced in a given year.

March 22, 2021

Global | Commodities supercycle and sustainability

One of the strongest price rallies in history for various commodities (e.g. oil, copper, steel) is consolidating in 2021. The speed of the upside movement could make you think that we are at the start of a new commodities supercycle. If we are, it would be quite different from the previous ones.

March 18, 2021

Colombia | Colombian electricity sector: challenges and opportunities

We conducted a diagnosis of the Colombian electricity sector, identifying the challenges and opportunities that result, thanks to the country's potential and the international context, to promote an energy transition based on Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources and mitigate some of the sector's risks.

March 12, 2021

Colombia | Gender equality builds

Despite the progress made to close the different gender gaps that exist in the world, there is still evidence of the disadvantages that women face in terms of participation and integration in different fields. Continuing to work towards greater equity adds up to economic benefits, spending capacity and social welfare.

March 8, 2021

Global | Like a wave

Climate change is an unstoppable wave on the horizon where consumption or investment decisions and public policies are made. Climate change mitigation must be bolstered by measures to adapt to its effects. In so doing, its impacts will be felt in waves rather than a tsunami.

March 5, 2021

Colombia | Prioritizing diversity and inclusion in recovery

Diversity and representation of all population groups in the economy is a necessary factor in order to achieve a high and sustainable recovery. In this way, the inclusion of women becomes even more important, mainly because of the additional responsibilities and vulnerabilities caused by the pandemic.

February 15, 2021

Global | Welfare and GDP in the time of COVID-19

The COVID-19 crisis has not only led to a fall in per capita consumption but also to increased inequality and a fall in life expectancy (expected to be temporary). As a result, the loss of social welfare has been greater than the fall in GDP.