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In the middle of 2022, the Construction sector continues to grow, 0.5% above that presented in the middle of 2021, driven by Civil Works, Building continues to contract. Bank mortgage credit in 2022 with discrete growth, has taken the lead. A high concentration is observed at the state level.

Media is a relevant source of information for households to form their inflation expectations. We identified salient products from CPI basket and built a high frequency news based indicator (GDELT) to monitor the volume of news about “salient” goods prices by geography.

Private consumption is mainly responsible for the slowdown in economic growth. The loss of consumer purchasing power, the rise in the cost of financing, the upturn in uncertainty and supply restrictions are conditioning the recovery in househol…

Despite the gradual normalization of global trade, less expansionary fiscal policies, and efforts by central banks, inflation remains high. We might wonder if this persistence in inflation is a result of large corporations exercising market pow…

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has increased the relevance of foreign trade in the Mexican economy, and led to a deep structural change of the Mexican economy.

Presentation for the Conference on Non-traditional Data, Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing in Macroeconomics hosted by Sveriges Riksbank and jointly organized with the Federal Reserve Board, the Bank of Italy, and the Bank of Canada.

We provide the first proof of concept that naturally occurring data from millions of financial transactions can be harnessed to estimate national accounts in real time and high definition

Nominal card purchases increased 26% year-on-year in August (29% in July). Both the face-to-face channel (20%) and, above all, the online channel (42%) contributed to the year-on-year slowdown in spending, which was more pronounced in transacti…

We presented the results of a Randomized Control Test (RCT) to people who received nudges through SMS in order to promote financial health variables. The target population was about 95,000 people in two age groups: 27 to 38 and 39 to 56 years o…

Card purchases increased 34% year-on-year in June (42% in May). Both the face-to-face and online channels contributed to the year-on-year slowdown in spending, which was more pronounced in transactions with foreign cards than Spanish ones.

Permanent contracts increased by 209% in the first half of 2022 compared to pre-pandemic records, while temporary contracts fell by 37%, bringing the temporary employment ratio to its lowest level since 1985. However, it is still too early to accurately assess the transitory and permanent effects of the labour reform.

Card spending increased 41% year-on-year in May (51% in April). Progress was greater in the online channel (69%) than in the face-to-face channel (30%). The end of the state of alarm in May 2021 magnified the year-on-year slowdown in purchases, especially with foreign cards.