Sectoral and Digital Economy Analysis & Industrial Organization

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According to BBVA card and POS data, during Easter 2024, total tourist spending fell 2.2% year-on-year compared to the same holiday period last year.

Lower gas prices, reduced demand and an increased use of renewable energies are the key factors driving a reduction in wholesale electricity prices across Europe. Futures contracts are pointing towards a stabilization of prices in the medium term.

With investments in green technologies, the involvement of financial institutions, public-private partnerships, efficient and well-designed public policies, and a sound and coherent regulatory framework that provides certainty, we can move towa…

By the end of 2023, Mexico recorded a trade deficit of 5,463 million dollars ($5.46 bn). Manufacturing leads both exports and imports. Mexico solidified its position as the leading supplier in the US market while FDI dropped slightly in 2023.

The objective of the work is to analyze the historical evolution of Spanish exports, their composition and characteristics, in addition to Spain's participation in global value chains. A strategy is also identified to improve the complexity of …

The transition to a low-emission economy not only represents an opportunity for the transformation of the Spanish economy and society, but has become a priority on the national agenda. However, a more effective approach will be necessary to achieve the targets set.

The oil market remains at the center of the global spotlight. This has been the case for some months now due to the outbreak of the war between Israel and Hamas, a confrontation reminiscent of the most difficult moments of the oil market in the 1970s.

The Federal Economic Competition Commission (Cofece) preliminarily determined that there are no conditions of effective competition in the retail e-commerce market (marketplaces) in Mexico, proposing a series of corrective measures in order to …

The intensity of GHG emissions in scope 3 of the sectors of activity of the Spanish economy, estimated by BBVA Research with input-output analysis, generally maintains a downward trend, with notable advances in intensive sectors subject to the …

In 2022, Spain’s greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions increased due to the post-pandemic recovery and a more carbon-intensive energy mix. The sectoral analysis shows progress in emissions intensity, particularly in the most polluting activities, al…

Despite high interest rates and geopolitics curbing economic activity, the reduction in coal consumption and the increasing penetration of renewables, CO2 emissions slightly increased in 2023 (0.1%), pushing the World closer to surpassing the 1.5°C warming threshold before 2030.

The analysis of climate targets and policies reveals increasing range and stringency, while also showing the gaps in achieving global net-zero targets.