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Sectoral and Digital Economy Analysis & Industrial Organization

Sectoral and Digital Economy Analysis & Industrial Organization latest publications

September 26, 2022

Spain | Imported inflation and incomes pact

Inflation has returned and has done so at rates not seen for decades in most developed economies. Spain has not remained unaffected by this episode of global inflation.

September 26, 2022

Europe | At the whim of gas imports

Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine began, the European Union (EU) has had to rethink its long-standing reliance on Russian gas, which accounted for around 40% of the region’s total consumption in 2021. Notably, this reliance has been growing over the last few years.

September 23, 2022

Spain |The labour market reform changes the sectoral distribution of contracts by duration

The labour market reform changes the sectoral distribution of contracts by duration: those sectors with a greater weight in shorter duration contracts, such as Accommodation and food service activities and Agriculture, forestry and fishing, lose importance and the rest of the activities gain it.

September 19, 2022

Europe | Price cap on power

European Commission proposals to mitigate the impact of electricity price inflation on households disposable income and business costs must consider how they affect security of supply and decarbonization.

September 15, 2022

Financial Inclusion and Digitalization: Dynamics in LATAM

Both the processes of financial inclusion and digitalization have great potential for dissemination in LATAM, both of which are key to promoting well-being and productivity in the region.

September 12, 2022

Spain | Gravity model with national tourism data in real time

In order to analyze national tourism flows in Spain and identify possible patterns and changes in preferences due to the pandemic, gravity models have been estimated using data on card spending by BBVA customers outside their usual province of residence in 2018-2021.

September 9, 2022

Spain | Analysis of national tourist flows in real time between May and August of 2022

According to BBVA credit card spending data, between May and August of 2022 tourist spending by Spaniards outside their usual province of residence was 23 pp above the 2019 records (15 pp more than between January and Abril).

September 7, 2022

Spain | Evolution of card spending in real time and high definition in Aug-22

Nominal card purchases increased 26% year-on-year in August (29% in July). Both the face-to-face channel (20%) and, above all, the online channel (42%) contributed to the year-on-year slowdown in spending, which was more pronounced in transactions with foreign cards (64%) than Spanish ones (22%).