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Consumption latest publications

April 29, 2019

Colombia | Colombian consumer profile

A profile of the Colombian consumer was created by analyzing different variables that determine their consumption decisions, such as: age, sex, income, household size, source of income, form and place of payment, purchasing power and consumption habits.

April 15, 2019

Colombia | The contribution to companies' productive growth should be defended

In recent weeks, I have spoken to several colleagues about how companies are undervalued by the varied group of people who make up the general public.

February 25, 2019

Automobiles: Regulatory Changes and Demand

Did you buy an automobile in 2018? If so, was this a decision you'd considered in advance? Or were you encouraged to do so by ads from manufacturers and distributors with eye-catching discounts, driven by the new emissions approval cycle known as WLTP, which came into force in September?

February 8, 2019

Consumption Outlook 2H18

Consumption growth, following steady progress in H2 2018, will slow to 2.1% in 2019 and to 1.8% in 2020 as a result of a lower contribution of financial wealth, a disappearance of pent-up demand and increased uncertainty. Fiscal stimuli, increased real estate wealth and steady progress in terms of financing will enable expe…

December 27, 2018

Patterns of domestic and cross-border e-commerce in Spain: A gravitational model approach

This paper presents econometric evidence on the determinants of domestic and cross-border e-commerce in Spain based on BBVA anonymised data. The paper applies the gravity model of trade to explain online credit card payment flows, using all private customer transactions of BBVA for Spain.

December 13, 2018

The Tourism Sector in Colombia

This observatory is examining the recent evolution of tourism, showing the sector’s importance for the economy and the variables explaining its recent boom. BBVA Research expects that the number of foreign tourists will double in the short term and that the tourism industry will replace coal as the second most important exp…

October 23, 2018

Peru | Modern Retail Outlook 2018

Modern retail sales will show a good performance in the remainder of this year and next. Later, with the demographic bonus, the increase in the purchasing power of households, and the growing access to digital media that will boost online sales, the sector has room to continue expanding.

August 20, 2018

The path towards the autonomous car

Although interest in autonomous vehicles has always accompanied the development of the motor car, their deployment has never been so near. First and foremost because the technology is already available. Secondly, because the potential benefits of the establishment of autonomous mobility pool the interests of manufacturers, …