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The environmental, social and economic impact of climate change highlight the growing concern for developing strategies to combat and mitigate its effects. Households approximately emit 20% of CO2 emissions, but their carbon footprint goes beyond that.

In December, consumption growth reached a real annual variation of 3.8%, higher than the 2.3% reported in November, with an acceleration in both goods and services. Goods contracted by 4.2% and services grew by 7.7%. Spending performance trending upward during the month.

BBVA Research's big data consumption index for Peru (inflation-adjusted spending with cards and cash withdrawals) slowed down in December to 3.8% (November: 8.9%). In 2022 as a whole, the index registered growth of 8.4% (26.4% in 2021).

This note analyzes the CO2 footprint of households in 10 European economies, adding to direct emissions their indirect ones through input-output analysis and detailing their structure by product. Thus, the analysis makes it possible to describe…

The main macroeconomic imbalances, specially the fiscal one, have been curbed in the second half of 2022 after the change of Economy Minister. It will be crucial to maintain this dynamic during the next election year. The current drought entail…

One of the best surprises of 2022 has been the recovery by tourism. However, there are reasonable doubts regarding the industry's future outlook. A downturn could have major implications for the economy.

In November, our real-time indicator for household consumption behavior fell 2.3% YoY in real terms. The slowdown is generalized by type of goods and services and by city. At the end of the month, some disccount sales boosted electronic purchases and the use of credit cards.

BBVA Research's big data consumption index (inflation-adjusted spending with cards and cash withdrawals) accelerated in November to 8.7% (October: 7.6%).

The banking system’s capital and liquidity levels remain above regulatory minima. Financing to the private sector regains its dynamism. All the portafolios that make up commercial banking credit to the non-financial private sector have achiev…

With data as of October, our high-frequency indicator to measure household consumption in Colombia continues to show a decelerating trend. The moderation in spending was observed in both goods and services and was deepened by the high statistic…

Media is a relevant source of information for households to form their inflation expectations. We identified salient products from CPI basket and built a high frequency news based indicator (GDELT) to monitor the volume of news about “salient” goods prices by geography.

Private consumption is mainly responsible for the slowdown in economic growth. The loss of consumer purchasing power, the rise in the cost of financing, the upturn in uncertainty and supply restrictions are conditioning the recovery in household spending, which will barely increase by 1.0% in 2022 and 0.9% in 2023.