Consumption latest publications
After a 13.1% rebound in 2021, this year the economy will grow 2.3% in a context of sustained confidence weakness, withdrawal of economic stimuli and lesser external tailwinds, despite the progress in vaccination and the beginning of operations of new copper mines. For 2023, we expect a 3,0% expansion.
Economic activity grew 3.5% year-on-year in November. In an analysis comparing GDP figures for 2021 with those for 2019 (pre-health crisis situation), activity expanded 1.3% (October: 1.2%).
Consumption in December grew 20.0%, closing the year with a similar dynamic to that recorded in November but lower than in October (24.8%). In the first part of January, goods have shown good dynamics while services fell compared to the peak recorded in December 21.
Last month the government announced the intention to stop exporting oil as of 2023 to instead use it in the national refining of gasoline with the aim of achieving "energy autonomy" and stop importing gasoline.
In 2021, total card consumption recovered a similar dynamism to that of 2019. The evolution of the different categories reflects the uneven impact of the pandemic and the changes in habits it brought about. 2022 began with a YoY contraction in total spending due to the slowdown in consumption of services.
January 7, 2022
Spain | Impact of COVID-19 on consumption in real time and high definition in Dec-21
Card purchases in Dec-21 were 38% higher than in the same period of 2019, 2 points lower than in November (31% YoY). The slowdown in spending with foreign cards, both face-to-face (4%) and online (-35%), offset the increase in transactions with Spanish cards.
In December, spending with cards and cash withdrawals (BBVA Research's big data consumer index) increased 7.0% compared to the same month in 2019 (10.9% compared to December 2020).
With the pandemic, households changed some of their consumption habits. Today, many Colombian workers are home-based, which allows them to have more time available for leisure and other activities. Some of that time is used to do the shopping that used to be done on weekends.