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Mexico | Income in Mexico and evolution of poverty: Notes on the new ENIGH 2016

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Appropriate the development of the Statistical Model to ensure historical comparability. The new ENIGH shows a decline in both poverty and extreme poverty compared to the year 2014; however, Mexico still faces important challenges in this area, since 43.6% and 7.6% of the population are in poverty and extreme poverty respectively.

Units:
Geographies:Mexico
Tags:Poverty

  • Appropriate the development of the Statistical Model to ensure historical comparability.
  • The new ENIGH shows a decline in both poverty and extreme poverty compared to the year 2014.
  • The figures, however, show that the country still faces important challenges in this area, since 43.6% and 7.6% of the population are in poverty and extreme poverty respectively.
  • Extreme poverty is concentrated in four states in the country: Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero and Veracruz

 

Last week, the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, INEGI) released the results of the National Household Income and Expenditure Survey (Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares, ENIGH) 2016. The ENIGH is one of the most important continuous household surveys, first conducted in 1984 and its main objective is to provide an overview of the income situation (monetary and non-monetary) and household expenditure in Mexico.

The ENIGH is one of the most awaited surveys in 2017 not only because of its importance as a source of information but also because of the observations made by the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social, CONEVAL) regarding the operational changes of that survey, noting that the collection of income data implemented since 2015 did not allow the historical comparability of these variables or estimate the poverty measures. Thus, INEGI and CONEVAL held working meetings so that the new ENIGH 2016 would have historical comparability. The lack of comparability of the Socioeconomic Conditions Module of the ENIGH in 2015 was a considerable limitation that it was essential to remedy.

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