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Spain's GDP will grow by 4.1% in 2022 (in line with what was forecast three months ago), but private consumption is revised downwards and investment and exports, both goods and tourism services, are revised upwards. On the other hand, growth for 2023 will be lower due to the slower progress in European demand.
GDP growth in Spain is revised downwards in both 2022 and 2023 due to the impact that the invasion of Ukraine, the sanctions imposed on the Russian economy and the increase in prices, especially fuel prices, will have.
The control of the pandemic, the return of foreign tourism, the arrival of European funds and the progressive elimination of bottlenecks to production mark the regional scenario. Tourist communities will grow more, but those in the north will also achieve historically high numbers.
Consumption remains dynamic, driving domestic tourism, allowing GDP to grow above average in 2021 in regions where coastal tourism is important. On the other hand, a lower than anticipated increase in investment and exports will affect activity in inland and northern regions.
The GDP of Navarre could increase by 5.9% in 2021, and by 7.3% in 2022 (Spain: 6.5% and 7.0%). This would result in the creation of 11,000 jobs compared to the end of 2020, and a reduction in the unemployment rate by three tenths of a percentage point to 9.8% on average over the following year.
The improvement in health indicators and the relaxation of restrictions have reduced uncertainty and allowed a recovery in private spending and national tourism. The foregoing translates into generalized upward revisions in all regions in 2021, although with a different magnitude.
The digitization of the economy is an essential ingredient for sustainable growth and social welfare. A good digital transformation plan requires a diagnosis of the starting point. The Digitalization Index (DiGiX) is a tool that allows such a diagnosis for the Spanish regions.
Greenhose Gas Emissions shows a high heterogeneity across countries. Spain has been lowering its absolute emissions and its intensity in the last years. This document analizes in detail available data for GHG emissions of Spanish Autonomous Communities (AC).