Economic Growth & Inequality

Economic Growth & Inequality latest publications

September 28, 2022

Beyond Cards: Measuring Spanish Consumption in Real Time and High Definition

We provide the first proof of concept that naturally occurring data from millions of financial transactions can be harnessed to estimate national accounts in real time and high definition

September 21, 2022

Spain | Stagnation and inflation: a challenge for public policy

Activity data reflect a negative balance for the last few months and, although inflation may have reached a turning point, this context of weak activity and rising prices poses a huge challenge for public policies.

September 12, 2022

Mexico | ENAFIN 2021: Advances in digitization and challenges in access to financing

On August 29, 2022, the results of the National Survey on Business Financing (ENAFIN) 2021 were presented. This report aims to analyze the progress and challenges regarding the financial inclusion of companies, reviewing issues of financing and digital payment methods.

September 5, 2022

Mexico | Yearbook of Migration and Remittances 2022

Book edited by BBVA Research, BBVA Foundation and the National Population Council (CONAPO) made up of 10 chapters that addresses the main statistics on the multiple migratory flows and human mobility, and remittances at a global level, with an emphasis on Mexico.

September 5, 2022

Spain | 2020 Settlement of the financing system of the Autonomous Communities

This Working Paper analyzes the settlement of the financing system of the autonomous communities under the common regime for 2020, which has recently been made public by the Ministry of Finance.

September 1, 2022

Türkiye | Food Security Outlook

Türkiye’s food security outlook has shown comparatively lower progress with risk factors pointing to multifaceted issues involving food inflation, agricultural imports, natural resources and policy choices. Our analysis assesses all of these risk factors, drawing policy suggestions for improving food security of Türkiye.

August 29, 2022

Mexico | Inflation and informality, the challenges of working poverty

According to Coneval, working poverty at national level stood at 38.3% in the second quarter of 2022, maintaining a downward trend. Two factors in the short term are considered the main challenges to continue on the path of reducing poverty levels: inflation and informal employment.

August 23, 2022

Mexico | Labor poverty decreases, but the cost of the basic basket rises up to 12.6%

Despite inflation, as of the second quarter of 2022, the proportion of the population living in labor poverty in Mexico (38.3%) was the second lowest since 2013, but without reaching pre-pandemic levels.